Our Family Legacy
My grandfather, Joseph Handy, was born in Clifford, Gloucestershire, England. The village of Clifford was upon the River Stour and country around presented a beautiful appearance. Agriculture was the principle business and good crops of grain and grass were produced in that part of the country. The land was very level and looked like a garden, beautifully cultivated. My ancestors were natives of that neighborhood from time immemorial, and were of the old English stock.
Grandfather Joseph Handy's wife's name was Hannah. My father, Joseph Handy, was their first child. After his birth, grandfather died and grandmother Hannah Handy was married to Thomas Cannon, by whom she had three daughters: Mary, who was married to a man named Samuel Thornicraft; one was married to a Mr. Simmons, and Jane, who married an Irishman named Thomas Patt.
My aunts, Mrs. Thornicraft and Simmons, had several children. Mrs. Thonicraft lived in Leamington, Warwickshire. Mrs. Simmons lived in Stratford-On-Avon, and Mrs. Patt lived in Clifford and died there. She had no children.
Grandmother Cannon died in Clifford and was quite aged. She was a good moral woman and was afflicted with a bad leg for years previous to her death. Her husband, Thomas Cannon, died before her, and was a blind man for years. He bore a good name and died respected.
My father, Joseph Handy, was born in Clifford upon Stour, Gloucestershire, England. He married Rebecca Harris and she was the mother of seven children: James, Joseph, William, Samuel, Hannah, David, and one boy who was stillborn. My father was a farmer by profession and was held in great respect by his neighbors and acquaintances. He trained his children in good principles and was a good moral man. He was bailiff for Richard Smith for 23 years. After Mr. Smith's death he was bailiff for his (Smith's) widow, and after her death, was bailiff for Norton Smith, their son, till he, Joseph Handy, died. He became a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints after I migrated to America. He died on a farm where he had lived so long on August 22, 1867 (about), at Alveston Hill, Warwickshire and was about 70 years of age.
My mother, whose maiden name was Harris, was born at Chesterton, Worcestershire, England, the time of my mother's birth I do not know. She became a Latter Day Saint on 24 Feb. 1856, near Stratford-On-Avon, having been baptized by Elder John A. Hunt. Brother Hunt also confirmed my mother. My mother died about a year before my father in the same house in which he died. She died June, 1866. My brother James died when was a small boy, about 2 or 3 years. My brother David died when he was about 2 years old. My sister Hannah was about 6 years younger than I, and died on the 21st of Feb. She was married to a man named John Green by whom she had 4 daughters. She emigrated to America 1859 and died in the State of Illinois. My brother Joseph Handy was about 7 years older than I. He was single at my father's death, and was up until the last time I heard of him.
My brother William Handy was about 3 and a half years older than I. He emigrated to America in 1856 and crossed the plains in a hand cart company or a late wagon company, and wintered at Devil's Gate on the Sweetwater. He was then a Latter Day Saint. He came to Utah in the spring of 1857 and resided at Provo, Utah till 1860 when he came to Franklin, then considered in Utah. He lived in Franklin about 2 years, then went back to Provo, stayed there a few years, married, apostatized, joined the Josephites, and then went to live in the State of Iowa, Harrison County. William Handy married a daughter of Mr. Jesse M. Causlin of Provo. She bore him several children. His children are named William Younger, Hannah Elizabeth, Temp Louisa, Joseph Alma, and Rebecca. (These name are from a letter he wrote me dated 29 Dec. 1870.)
I, Samuel Handy, was born on the 23rd day of March, 1819 in Alveston, Warwickshire, England. I went to day school only a short time. The school house was about 3 and one half miles from my home. I could read but poorly and could barely sign my own name. At 8 years of age I went to work at 4 pence a day (8 cents). I was herding sheep and keeping birds from the grain. When I was 9 years old I drove the plow. This was at Elder Marston on the River Stour in Gloucestershire. I was a plow boy till I was 12 years old. Then I drove a bull and cart, doing various kinds of work. I worked for this employer 6 years in all, till I was 14 years old. This employer's name was Darly Ford. Mr. Ford was a very profane man, but his business was superintended by his bailiff, a Mr. Packer. When I was 9 years old I had 5 pence a day; at 10 years I had 6 pence a day. At 11 years of age I had 7 pence a day and at 12 years of age I had 8 pence a day. When I was 13 and 14 years old I had one shilling per day ($.24). At 15, I went to work for Mr. Richard Smith, my father's employer, at one shilling a day as a farm hand. He was a very kind man. I lived very hard, hardly anything but bread to eat. We had one pound of salt butter a week, 2 ounces of tea and one pound of sugar a week. He had barely enough to eat for my father's family, and it was a very rare thing to obtain a piece of meat.
My brother James died when he was a small boy about 2 or 3 years old. My brother David died when he was about 2 years old. I was hired to Mr William Smith for one year as under ploughman for the sum of 3.10.0 and board – this was at Atherstone on Stour Gloucestershire. Thomas Warner was my next employer, I worked one year and received 4.10.0 and board and was underploughman to him. I next worked for a widow woman a Mrs Rose, at Hoosley Green as ploughman at 8.0.0 for the year. My next employer Mr John Avery at Bently Heath at SoleHull at 10.0.0 for the year and board as ploughman; I staid with him 6 months over the year for 6.0.0 more. I worked for Thomas Avery six months for 6.0.0 as ploughman. My next employer Mr William Horn, at Warwick Old Park, as ploughman for most of the year at 9.0.0. I then worked around for various persons and went mowing in the summer time. When I was 23 years (1842 Ed) old nearly, I married Hannah Watts in October 1841, a young woman that I had been acquainted with from childhood. We were Married by the Rev. Dr. Cox in Atherstone on Stour, When I was married I had 10.0.0 in my pocket; this we soon spent in getting things for house keeping. At this time I had 10 shillings a week my wife had gleaned 9 bushels of wheat previous to our marriage, this was quite a help to us in that poverty stricken country.
William Watts the grandfather of Hannah Watts lived at Preston Gloucestershire and his wife’s name was Hannah - her maiden name is unknown to the grand-daughter. This couple only had one child William Watts, and he married Mary Hayden - William Watts was a gardener and was born at Preston and Mary Hayden was born at Ailstone, Warwickshire, their children were born as follows: Ann Watts, born August 17, 1803 Mary Watts, born October 17, 1805 Susannah Watts, born December 1st 1807 1st William Watts born January 25th 1809, this boy died in infancy. Thomas Watts, born January 24 1811 John Watts, born July 20th 1813 Daniel Watts, born, November 30, 1815, 2nd William Watts, born February 28th 1818. Hannah Watts, born March 14th 1820 this is the Hannah Watts that was married to Samuel Handy. Mr. Hayden and his wife Elizabeth Hayden, the maternal grandparents of Hannah Watts lived at Ailstone, and when Mr. Hayden died after 4 children were born, my grandmother moved to (Banwood or Barwood or ??) where she died. Mrs Handy (nee Watts) rember (sic) but very little of her grandparents and was raised by her sister Mary Watts. She went to school but very little, and went to work very early in life - keeping birds from the grain at 3 pence a day - padding thistles, weeding, hay-making and cutting grain - the largest wages she had was 8 pence a day and was married to Samuel Handy when I was 21 years of age. Mrs (Watts) Handy’s mother died when she was about 9 months old at Ailstone and buried there, and after Hannah married, her father married Mrs. Margaret Gibbs a widow woman and Mrs’ Handy’s father and stepmother lived and died in Ailstone. Her father died in 1855 her own mother died in 1820. I have given a brief account of my wife’s relations as far as we could glean the information.
After my marriage I went to work for Thomas Adams, a Miller and Farmer, and we lived in the village of Clifford (Chambers Ed?) Gloucestershire about a year. We went to live at Ailstone (Alveston ?) and I was sick about 6 weeks, severely. Our first child was born at Ailstone, a son, on the 30th day of July 1842. This boy we named William, after my wife’s Father: he was quite weakly when born.
After I got well I removed to Waterloo in Alvestone Parish, Warwickshire, and worked for Mr Lane, a Farmer – here our second child was born, him we named Joseph, born April the 10th, 1844. Here also our third child was born which we named Mary, on the 5th day of December 1847. After Mary’s birth we moved to Stratford on Avon and I worked for Mr Charles Lucy, and lived in Lucy’s Cottages about one year; here our second daughter was born which we named Eliza, she was born December the 20th, 1849.
Whilst the Family were at Stratford on Avon the 1851 Census was taken: Census of 1851 Hill Cottage, Stratford on Avon. (HO/107/2074 Fol 500 Page 10)
Samuel Handy Head 32 Agricultural
Labourer Alveston Warks.
After Eliza’s birth we moved to Waterloo again and worked for Mr James a farmer, here our third son was born on the 5th day of November 1853 which we named Samuel and he died on the 27th of May the following year, 1854. On the 18th of April 1855 our fourth son was born, which we named James Henry.
My wife became a Baptist about the year 1848. Poverty was our lot for years – Bread 3 ½ lbs of meat, 1 lb of butter, 1 lb of sugar, and 2 oz of tea for two weeks, occasionally we had a few potatoes, this was hard fare.
About the beginning of the year 1852 we first heard of the Mormons, through John Horton, one of our neighbors – several of us went one Sunday night and heard one Mormon elder & we were convinced of the truth of the Gospel and were ready for Baptism, and on the 8th day of February 1852 I was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by George Smith. I was confirmed by Wm. Smith I was baptized in the Avon River, Stratford Branch of the Warwickshire Conference. My wife was baptized on the 22nd of February in 1852, by George Smith and confirmed by he same man. George Smith was president of the Branch of the Church when we were baptized. Considerable opposition to the Church was made by outsiders when we came into the Church, and it was thought best for us to be baptized on different occasions. Several were baptized on each occasion at our baptisms. We lived in the Waterloo Cottages from the time we came into the Church ‘till we left England for America.
My wife worked on the farm very hard and performed a slavish part from the time we married till we left. My son William lived a short time with my father previous to our emigration. Every doctrine belonging to the Church we received with gladness, and through my Mother we had enough money given us to take us to New York. My Father was much assistance to us before leaving. I was ordained to the office of a Priest on 30th day of April 1854, by Elders Smith and Ange. Was ordained an Elder on the 29th day of May 1855 by Oliver G. Workman.
My Mother and Brother William had two cottages – they sold them and I received 20.0.0 and had about 10.0.0 of my own money through selling our household goods. We had calculated to have some of the children baptized before we left England, but this was not done. During the beginning of July 1855 we were very busy preparing to leave the home & land of our childhood. We received notice to be in Liverpool ready to sail on the ship Cynosure that was to sail on the 28th day of July for New York.
The following account is furnished by Elder William J. Silver, of Salt Lake City – who was a Counsellor on the Ship Cynosure – and is taken from the Mormon Immigration Index:
"In the summer of 1855 and for several years afterwords, a large number of European Saints who had not sufficient means to defray the traveling expenses from their native lands all the way to Utah, were organized into companies and forwarded by the presidency in Liverpool to Boston, New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, and other places in the United States, where they could earn means to enable them to proceed further on their journey, and at the same time form nucleuses for branches of the Church, and help Elder John Taylor, in New York, and Elder Erastus Snow, in St. Louis, to sustain the Mormon and the Luminary -- papers published by them in the interest of the Church. It was intended to send a company on the ship “Australia,” but as some defects were discovered in her which could not be repaired in time, the Cynosure, Captain Pray, was substituted.”
As will be seen later, Samuel and his family took their journey in slow stages, working and saving for the next part of the journey, so they probably fit this group.
I paid 22.10.0 to F. [Franklin] D. Richards’ agent George Turnbull. The president of the Warwickshire Conference, John A. Hunt went with us to Liverpool. We sailed from Liverpool, Sunday, July 29th. George Seager, president of our company W. [William] Rogers and W. [William] J. Silver, counsellors. When we arrived in Liverpool we received a ship ticket with our names and ages which are as follows:
Samuel Handy, age 36 years;
We had considerable seasickness in the family across the sea—there were some 300 passengers on this ship; only a part of them being members of the Church, 159 in number. Captain Pray, master of the ship. … Our journey across the sea was very different from living in England; for my family we had 17-1/2 lbs. of Navy bread, 5-1/1 lbs of flour, 11 lbs. of oatmeal, 5-1/2 lbs of pork, 5-1/2 lbs of beef, 5-1/2 lbs of peas, 5-1/1 lbs of rice, 2-1/2 lbs. of sugar, 11 oz. of tea, 11 oz. of salt, weekly, 16-1/2 quarts of water daily, 11 lbs. of butter, and 5-1/2 pints of vinegar for the voyage….
We were nearly 6 weeks crossing the Atlantic Ocean, and landed in New York, at Castle Garden with about $15.00 in cash in my pocket. Stayed at Castle Garden about 3 days”. (Ed 5th, 6th, 7th September?) Then went to Williamsburgwhere we stayed till about Christmas. My sons, William and Joseph, were both baptized at Castle Garden on the 7th day of September 1855 by Ebenezer Bunten [Bunting]. Mary was baptized also at the same time by Brother Bunten. Joseph was sick on board ship and after his baptism was confirmed by W. Rogers on the 14th of Sept., he died on the 18th and was buried on the 20th of September 1855 at Flatbush, New York. At Williamsburg, we suffered for food. I was searching for employment for about 2 months, and finally obtained employment at Toms River, Ocean County, New Jersey, where I lived two winters and one summer. I was chopping cordwood through the winter, and worked loading schooners & other kinds of employment in the summer. I saved money enough at this place to take me to Iowa City, & my employers loaned me $20.00 to help me on my way. The employer that loaned me the money was named Edward Ivins –his wife was a good Latter-day Saint. The part of New Jersey were we lived was swampy & well timbered—we lived close by the seashore; we could get plenty of fish cheap, and lived much better than we did in England.
When we left Toms River in the spring of the year 1857 we sailed on a schooner to New York City, and took the ferry boat for Jersey City, where we got aboard the railway for Iowa City in the state of Iowa.
Another part of Samuel’s Autobiography explains that at this time, 1857, his brother William, who had sailed with them and left them after arrival at New York, finally arrived in Utah after an atrocious winter trapped in the Mountains at the notorious “Devil’s Gate” in Wyoming – whilst Sam and family are still on the East Coast. He had obviously travelled directly onwards. As a single man, perhaps he had enough money to do this. “He came to Utah in the Spring of 1857..”
Nearly all the money we had we spent in railroad fare. There was one more family left New York when we did and travelled with us to the terminus of the railroad.
At Iowa City we found a branch of the Church, presided over by a man named William Williams—during our stay in this place John Taylor succeeded Brother Williams in presiding over the Iowa City Branch. Edwin Stratford, three Brother Taylors and others, with their families made quite a nice little branch of the Church. I went to work immediately on my arrival, and got $1.25 per day and my dinner all through the summer, and in the winter I carried the buck & saw & sawed wood and made about 75 cents per day—some days only 50 cents and some days I was idle. We paid some 2, 3, and sometimes 4 dollars a month rent while we were at Iowa City. My wife went washing while we lived there and assisted considerably in getting our outfit for Utah.
In the spring of 1859 I got ready for Utah. I had purchased a yoke of 4-year-old cattle the summer previous to leaving for $45.00 also an old wagon. We had plenty to eat on our journey to the valley. There were about 12 wagons of us in our company among who were George Sparks, William Sparks and 3 families of Campbells. We had good times in coming through Iowa, plenty of grass, our teams improved, and we arrived in Florence in good trim.
We stayed in Florence, "old Mormon Winter Quarters" about a month. Here we found lots of Mormon emigrants preparing for crossing the plains. Our company from this place consisted of 63 wagons, James Brown, captain.
The departure lists show of the company:
They were listed in the Roster as: “Handy, Samuel and Family”
It is recorded that 1859 saw 1,431 emigrants leaving the Council Bluffs/Winter Quarters area for Utah.
We had a good trip across the plains – we found a few stray sheep which we butchered – we also got a little wild game. G H Farrel his father in law Mr Steel, Bro Budno, Bro Watson, Bro Funk and others are a few of the names I remember, our company were peaceable and we enjoyed the trip.
John Unruh shows that by the period of Sam’s crossing most of the dangers of the journey through Salt Lake had been ironed out: “By 1860 overlanders did not need to travel in the traditional manner: they could bounce from Missouri to California as passengers in the stagecoaches specified by Government mail contracts.. If, as almost all continued to do, they chose to travel in the customary covered wagon or by pack train, they did soon a trail which had been surveyed, shortened, graded, and improved by government employees. Overlanders even enjoyed the luxury of crossing bridged streams and watering their stock at large reservoirs. For the injured or ill there were army hospitals along the route, and sutlers, blacksmiths, and generous commanding officers standing ready to distribute provisions to destitute travellers. There were even post offices where letters were mailed and received.”
from Captain Brown’s Journal, the leader of the party, reveal the story in much greater detail: “On Sunday, June 12th, Elders Eldredge and Cannon visited the camp and held a meeting, then organized the company, naming James S. Brown for president and captain, the selection being unanimously sustained. George L. Farrell was made sergeant of the guard, William Wright, chaplain, and John Gordon, secretary. A captain was appointed over each ten wagons, namely: first, Win. Steel; second, W. Williams; third, Christopher Funk; fourth, Newbury; fifth, Kent; sixth, Girldens. These names were suggested by Messrs. Eldredge and Cannon, and were unanimously sustained by the company of three hundred and fifty-three souls. The outfit consisted of fifty-nine wagons and one hundred and four yoke of oxen, eleven horses, thirty-five cows, and forty-one head of young cattle that were driven loose. We had provisions for seventy-five days.
My brother William Handy came and met us on Green River and brought us a supply of provisions – this was very acceptable as we were just out.
We arrived in Salt Lake Valley in the early part of September (1859 Ed) and I went to live at Provo where I was busy all winter, I made 14 trips across Utah Lake hauling wood. I also chopped wood, at the Tithing office in Provo, and did various kinds of work: anything to employ my time and to make an honest dollar. My family enjoyed good health and we were prospered. Being desirous of getting a home of my own I made preparations to move to Cache Valley and in March 1860 with Thomas Smart, Joseph Dunkley, Joseph Perkins and my Brother William Handy, I started for Cache Valley, and arrived at Franklin on the 15th of April 1860.
Hansen indicates that Handy’s Provo group had got to Wellsville before 10th April: “The Provo group consisted of Thomas S. Smart, Samuel Handy, William Handy, Enoch Broadbent, Joseph Perkins, Joseph Dunkley and William T. Wright 10 April 1860 The Provo group left Wellsville (Peter Maughan's settlement in the south) and started for northern Cache Valley. They reached Coveville and camped for three days. 11 April 1860 they looked over the Franklin area (first known as Green Meadows) and built a bridge over a creek (Spring Creek) to be used when the other settlers would join them. 14 April 1860 the camp being divided into two groups; the first group left Camp Cove early in the morning.
They met an Indian at the Bridge across Spring Creek but were allowed to pass. The Indians were under Chief Kittemare who welcomed the whites to the land, water and timber. Kittemare and his band were great beggars and exacted, beef, flour, grain, potatoes etc. quite often from the pioneers.
15 April 1860 the second group came the next day. They included Thomas Smart and his friends noted by William Woodward in his Notes this day: THOMAS S. Smart, Sam Handy, Joseph Perkins, Joseph Dunkley William T. Wright, and others. They all moved their wagons close together for protection, removed the wagon boxes, which they used for homes, and used the wagon gears to haul logs from the canyon to build their houses. Their houses were built in the form of a square fort enclosing about ten acres.
The Utah Territory Census of 1860 picked up the little family some 11 months after their arrival – they had managed to acquire goods to the value of $100 – and Sam was classed as a labourer.
Peter Maughan, President of the Church in Cache Valley came to Franklin a few days after our arrival, and appointed Thomas Smart president, S. R. Parkinson and T. Sanderson (?) his councillors - there were some 50 men when we were organized William Garner, Alma Taylor, Thomas Slater, John Reed, Sherm Pernell (?), Alfred Alder, George Alder, William Corbridge, William Comish, William K. Comish Jr., John Comish, James Hutchins, E. C. Van Orden, Wm G. Nelson, J. S. Nelson, I,H. Vail, William Fluitt, Joseph May, W. Woodward, Richard Coultour, Joseph Cowan, son Joseph Cowan Jr., George Shields, John Smith, Thomas McCan, Henry Wadman, Thomas Hull, William Hull, Peter Lowe, Robert Dunkley, E. W. Hansen, Joshua Messervy, Joshua Messervy Jr., A. Stalker, John Frew, J. Harris, W. Harris, P. Pierce, T. Mendenhall, John Morrison, A. Morrison, G W Cocheron, Leroy Holt, Peter J. Pool, Jason Packer, Joseph Chadwick, George Foster, Thomas Mayberry, G. Mayberry, W. T. Wright. Many of these brethren came without their families. About the 1st of May several families came from Payson among whom I remember T.C. D. Howell and sons W. H. Head, D. Reed, John Doxey, E. Kingford, William Patten. (Some of these names may not agree with official records.
Provisions got very scarce in Franklin, we had to work water ditches, built a corral for our cattle and I went and herded the cattle of Franklin. The season was very dry and my brother William farmed my piece of land on shares and all that was raised for both of us was 9 bushels of wheat. Bro Sanderson and W. Woodhead started to Kaysville about August (1860 Ed) and thrashed 48 bushels of wheat, tramped it out – got it ground at Farmington and brought it to Franklin and it was divided among our camp. Ezra T Benson, one of the Twelve, came to Cache Valley in 1860. We stood guard through the summer months, and this was quite a labor on us.
Plenty of snow fell the first winter in Franklin (1860/1861 Ed) and Bp. Thomas, had all the brethren that were willing, to work on a water ditch on the west of Cub or Muddy River – the brethren called this Thomas’ ditch. Grass was good and timber was plentiful; we did not get much hay this year but our stock fared pretty well for as soon as the snow melted, plenty of old grass could be obtained for our cattle. An old Indian called Kittemere was chief of the Indians in this part of Cache Valley and he welcomed us to the land and water and timber, but they were great beggars and we had to furnish them with beef, wheat, potatoes and other things. We were a united and happy people. I was very busy, having no lazy time and we continued prospering. In 1861, we had gardens on the west side of the fort which was of great benefit. Potatoes, cabbage, lettuce, onions, cucumbers, peas, melons, corn, squashes, melons and other things, which made our meals agreeable. James Oliverson was one of the first settlers of Franklin whose name was omitted on the first list. We raised good crops in the year 1861 but did not thrash the grain in the fall. I believe I herded the cows and cattle the second year (1862 Ed).
The winter of 1861-1862 was very wet, our cellars on the south string of the fort were full of water and our houses were wet near every day for a long time. During this winter the grain in the stacks got wet, and it was not thrashed till March and many of the people eat (sic) musty bread all the season till the next harvest. John Reed was the first man buried in Franklin - he was on a visit to his friends below, Indians had been rampant at Smithfield and (one) had just broke loose from confinement and shot (John) in the neck and killed (him). Jason Cowan was (shot) also but not dangerously. This was on the 23 of July 1860.
Gold was discovered in the Rocky Mountains on the north of us, and flour was taken to the mines which brought a good price, and men bought clothing, guns, tools and various things for trade.
The winter of 1861-1862 was very wet our cellars on the south string of the fort were full of water and our houses were wet every day for a long time. During this winter the grain in the stacks got wet, and it was not thrashed till March and many of the people eat musty bread all the season till the next harvest.
The winter of 1863 (Jan) quite a number of Indians were camped on Bear River, and were begging in Franklin often. A man was killed on Bear River who had just come from the northern mines – his friends went and complained to the judicial authorities at Salt Lake City, as we were considered in Utah Territory, foot and horse soldiers came from Camp Douglas, Salt Lake City, under the command of Col. P E Connor – the troops arrived at Bear River early one morning and a battle began, some 14 soldiers were shot at the first fire – The Indians were finally routed and a great slaughter was made among the Indians. Early the following morning all the teams and sleds were taken to the Bear River to fetch the wounded soldiers – the dead were hauled in the soldiers wagons to Salt Lake City.
In 1863 This year Thomas S. Smart and Samuel R. Parkinson built the first sawmill in the area of Franklin. Lumber from this mill was used in building homes on the surveyed land around the fort. “ “In the spring of the year 1863 Lorenzo H Hatch, was appointed Bishop of Franklin. Grain brought a good price, and we were increasing in wealth, the first cow I had, we got of E C Van Orden, my son William earned it as part of his wages. My daughter Mary used to help me herd stock and often went barefooted. My daughter Mary was married this year to Isaac H Vail.
Early in the year 1864 Franklin was laid off into town lots, and I got a lot on Maple Creek bottom, where I built a log house and began to prepare to live on a more extended scale. I put in a good crop this season and raised 350 bushes (sic) of wheat. I had the year previously obtained some good land about 1 ½ miles north of Franklin- this was a great source of profit to me, it produced good crops of grain and hay.
The Fall about September there came about 3,000 Indians of the Shoshone tribe under the Chief Washakie, some of the Indians got drunk this day and tried to annoy our people…. I was thrashing my wheat at this time, and one of the men seeing the Indians try to run this woman down, got a revolver & run and shot the Indian.
This made the Indians mad, and as they were camped all around my house – the thrashers all ran to the help of this woman. I was taken prisoner and Washakie snapped his pistol at me six times, then he knocked me down – the blood streamed down my head and I was bruised considerably. An Indian named Alma interposed on my behalf or I might have been killed. I felt the effects of my wounds for more than a month. The Indians cut the belts of the thrashing machine, killed 50 chickens, took $16.00 in cash, ransacked the house, took everything that they thought would be of any use to them.
Runners were sent to the settlements south & early next morning some 300 horsemen were at Franklin. Peter Maughan and others went to the Indian Camp, and a council was held in the day. The Indians and white people in Franklin had sold the Indians whiskey, this made them drunk, and then they were unmanageable. Bro. Maughan decided that S R Parkinson & N W Packer should give the Indians four head of Cattle – (each man one yoke of cattle) as they were the parties that sold the whiskey to the Indians, so reputed. The Indians soon removed from Franklin, and all removed from Maple Creek bottom up into town south of William Fluitt's
This fall I was very busy, removed my house granary, grain, hay, straw, chaff, vegetables and everything I had down there. About the beginning of the year 1865 a large stone meeting house was commenced in Franklin about 45 X 65 feet. The people were very busy laboring on the Meeting house, hauling rock and hauling logs. Soon after this, a stone school house was started in Franklin, is 25 X 40 ft and was built by taxation and donations – P Smart, W Woodward and S R Parkinson were the school Trustees at this time. Brigham Young and many of the Twelve visited very often.
In the year 1865 we raised good crops in Franklin, my neighbor Wm Fluitt went to Oxford to get some hay and on his return he was froze to death, this was just before Christmas. My son William looked after their cattle & sheep & chopped wood for the family and in the fall of 1866 married the widow of William Fluitt – Mary Ann Day. Lorenzo H Hatch performed the ceremony on the 11th of November.
This fall, myself & wife went to Salt Lake City to get our endowments: this was in November 1866 and on the 17th of the same month this ordinance was attended to. On the same day David Boice married my daughter Eliza Handy – they received their endowments at the same time. Heber C Kimball performed the ceremony of sealing both for myself & wife and son in law and his wife.
This year we raised good crops and we enjoyed ourselves. The year 1867 was a year of good crops, my son William had Jane Day sealed to him and Mary Ann Day Fluitt sealed as proxy for Wm Fluitt deceased. William’s wife Mary Ann had a daughter born Nov 23rd1867 and she was named Hannah Rebecca. This sealing was done in Salt Lake City in the latter part of the year.
Franklin continued to prosper and I increased in property and the people were gaining wealth and influence. William’s wife Mary Ann had another girl born Oct 22nd 1869. My daughter Mary had a daughter born March 5 1870. My daughter in law Jane had a daughter born August 24th1870.
A telegraph had been put up across the plains, and a daily mail established previous to this time, and the Union Pacific Railroad was being rapidly pushed forward to Utah, and in the spring of 1869 it emerged into Ogden from the Weber Canyon. I had been ordained as High Priest, and in the year 1866 I received a certificate to this effect. This was signed by John Young, President of the Quorum, and Hezekiah Mitchel Clerk and dated April 6th, 1866.Wm Garner was the man who ordained me as High Priest.
I passed through various trials, and performed various labours, and held fast to the faith that I embraced in England. Many good meetings were held in Franklin, and I attended most of them. On the 3rd of March 1869 many of the people of Franklin entered into a partnership to do their own trading in Merchandise, that the profits might be divided among the people, and that monopoly might not be amongst us. This was called “Franklin Co-operative Mercantile Institution” “Holiness to the Lord”. This store was held in the vestry of Franklin Meeting House.
Occasionally I bought a piece of land, and I was increasing in property. I had two town lots in Franklin, and I bought some more land south east of my old place. I had obtained a “Declaration of Intention to become a citizen of the United States” and on the 7th day of July I went to Malad City the County seat of Oneida County, Idaho, with several others, including my son William Handy, and there before M E Hoolister Judge of the 3rd Judicial District at the July Term on the 8th day of the month 1873, in open court I became a citizen of the United States. Arnold Goodcliffe ? and Thomas Lowe were my witnesses. 1873.
1873 12 May Daughter Mary Ann, marries second husband Joseph Nelson, at Salt Lake City.
On the second of December 1872 my son James Henry Handy went to Bountiful and from there to Salt Lake City and was united in wedlock to Lucy Day, Daniel H Wells performing the ceremony – they received their endowments the same day. James H was 17 years 7 months & 15 days old at the time of his marriage. I filed on a quarter section of land in Franklin 160 acres, and was preparing to live and prosper in my home.
I have made it a practice of paying my tithing yearly, and various donations as I have been called upon, and I have cheerfully done what I could to help along the work of the Lord. In the year 1869 the Deseret Telegraph was put up to Franklin; and the railroad (Utah and Northern) was finished to Franklin and the first train was run on the 1st of May 1874. This railroad was built by the people of Cache Valley, through Cache Valley and much of the grade in Salt Lake Valley. For this the people received vouchers (paper ones) and up to 1880 nothing has been realized by the people.
About the year 1866 the grasshoppers were hatched out by millions and nearly all the crops in Franklin were destroyed. In the year 1877 the grasshoppers were destructive again, and in the year 1879 also, but every year that the grasshoppers came, some raised grain and vegetables, and none were without food if they were industrious, and would make their wants known
About the year 1875 Bp. L H Hatch left Franklin for the south of Utah, Thomas Lowe the Teachers’ press? was acting Bishop of Franklin, and during his presidency, some were called to Arizona, and Thomas Lowe junr was called to go. The people assisted him on this trip and he started in the winter with his family. L H Hatch was appointed Bishop of Franklin.
I have been watermaster of Franklin some seven years up to the year 1880. My land over Maple Creek has produced good crops every year, both of grain and hay, and this has been a source of blessings to me.
On the 29th of August 1877 Brigham Young the President of the Church died in Salt Lake City, and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles succeeded in the Presidency of the Church, John Taylor, president of the Quorum of the Twelve with Wilford Woodruff, Orson Hyde, Orson Pratt, Charles C. Rich, Lorenzo Snow, Crastus Snow, Franklin D Richards, Geo’ Q. Cannon, B Young, Jos. F Smith and Albert Carrington, the late Brigham Young’s councillors were sustained as councillors to the Twelve.
Cache Valley was organized into a Stake of Zion, on the ? day of ? 187? At a Conference in Logan and Moses Thatcher was appointed President with Wm B Preston and M D Hammon his councillors, Geo L Farrel President of the High Priest Quorum, Chas O Card and F E Ricks his councillors. Orson Hyde died at San Pete Valley in the fall of 1878, and at the April Conference in Salt Lake City, 1879, Moses Thatcher was called to fill the vacancy in the Quorum of the Twelve.
1879 17 February Daughter Mary Ann, marries third husband James Atkinson at Franklin, Idaho.
The year 1879 was a year of prosperity and although grasshoppers were around, I raised a good crop of grain, 190 Bushels of Wheat. 30 bushels of oats with some garden vegetables – about 130 bushels of potatoes. Hay and garden vegetables were a poor crop – many of my neighbours did not raise a quarter of a crop of hay & vegetables. I have raised of late about 300 bushels of potatoes till this year – no rain and only a small amount of water from Maple Creek Canyon.
The winter of 1877-1878 was very light scarcely any snow and we could have cattle living on the side hills all winter. Snow fell in November of the year 1879, and people being short of feed many cattle suffered and quite a number died. Diphtheria a disease among children has taken off quite a number of children, and our graveyard has many graves of old and young friends.
We have had a city organization in this place and it has existed for years. The present officers are as follow: Joshua Hawks, Mayor, L C Mitcham, W Woodward, P Durant, W Whitehead & P Lowe councillors, A P Shumway, Marshal & Durant City Clerk.
The streets of Franklin were named this fall 1879 and the one running East and West by A Bennet’s was called Willow Street, the one north of Willow Street, Box Elder Street, one north of Box Elder Street, Cedar Street, one north of Cedar Street, Main Street, one north of Main Street, Alder Street, one north of Alder Street, North Street. Commencing on the west, the street running north and south is called Water Street, the one east of Water Street, Thomas Street, the one east of Thomas Street, Nelson Street, the one east of Nelson Street, Poplar Street, the one east of Poplar Street, Cottonwood Street.
Four quarter sections of land was entered by the Mayor of Franklin for the benefit of the People of Franklin, and in the beginning of the year 1874 the patent for the township was received from the Land Office at Boise City Idaho.
In December 1879 there were three stores in Franklin – the Co-operative Store, Stalker and Sons, and Webster & Chadwick. One Saloon, Stalker’s, There is three day schools – one in the stone school house, one in the old Co-operative Store, and a Presbyterian School in W P Wright’s House. There are two Sunday Schools – one the Latter Day Saints under the direction of J B Nash, and the other one in the Presbyterian house under the direction of ?????
In the Spring of 1877 the foundation of a temple was commenced in Logan and the corner stones were laid in the month of ????? 1877. The people were busy hauling rock, wood, sand, lime, getting and hauling lumber and doing a variety of kinds of labour for this work. Most of the rock for the building was obtained from Green Canyon, some 5 miles from Logan – the stone for nice work was obtained from Franklin. Donations were made by the people – by Sunday-school children & much was done for this building. Box Elder County, Cache County Utah, Oneida County and Bear Lake County Idaho were formed into a Temple District. Since the death of Brigham Young - the people appear to be more united and an increase of faith seems apparent.
The year 1880 was ushered in – the weather was cold, snow about 12 inches deep. The past summer being very dry, but little hay was cut, and cattle were very short of feed. This has up to present date February 10th been a severe winter on cattle. Before grass grew many cattle died. Crops were late in being put in this year. Good crops were raised this year. He (Samuel Handy) worked hard this year as usual he paid a good tything and temple offering this year and had considerable of the comforts of life around him in the bounties of the earth.
The winter commenced in November, snow on the ground. I had land in John Holland’s quarter section, Joseph Dunkley’s 120 acres and in James Howarth’s land, James H Martineau of Logan, Utah, came and surveyed it. My Farm on Maple Creek bottom was in four quarter sections, the most of it in section 16 Township 16 south of Range 40 East of the Boise Meridian. John Holland charged most the men $2.90 per acre for their land, I did not get the deeds from Dunkley and Howarth till April next.
The winter of 1880 & 1881 was snowy, I had filed on 160 acres of land proved upon it and as many brethren had claims on it I wished it surveyed and each man and woman having claims in the same I wished to give a deed to the same parties and have all things settled during my life and I therefore 35 employed William Woodward to survey it and make the deeds out, and all land that I filed on and I let the brethren have it for $1.85 an acre where all parties had paid up. The claimants in my quarter section are as follows: L L Hatch, A Rankin, J Adamson, R Coultard, Wm Bennett, Jos Mayberry, A M Neely, W Packer, S R Parkinson, W L Webster, A Bennett, Jas Packer, Jas Hawarth, C W Fox, N J Packer, W Woodward, S Purnell and MRs Merrick besides myself. I sold the land the cheapest of any man around Franklin. I only charged $25.00 for my right. It is bottom land the most of it is and I had it surveyed while the bottom was frozen over.
1881 The Spring was in good season and I soon got my grain in as I did not sow any land over Maple Creek, but was summer fallowing the ploughland to kill the wild oats.
Samuel Handy worked very hard the year 1881 as was his nature. He raised about 300 bushels of wheat and a poor crop of potatoes and affair crop of turnips carrots &c. During the latter part of the year Bro Handy commenced to enlarge his house by getting a larger room built on the east. He sold the land over Maple Creek to Sheldon B Cutler for the sum of Seven Hundred and fifty dollars. Two hundred dollars of this sum was in land east of my house, and 445 dollars in cash down, 5 dollars to be paid by spring, and $100 to be paid by Sept1st1882. The day I traded my land over Maple Creek I was paying my tything and settling my tything for the year 1881. Some of the Money that Bro Samuel Handy received of Sheldon B Cutler he loaned to W B Webster to the amount of $300.00. This was one of the last acts of Samuel Handy.
On Sunday January 15th1882 Brother Samuel Handy was at a meeting in the afternoon, and the horses were in the pasture east of the house, as he came home and looked in the pasture he found that the horses had got out and were on the rocky bench east of town. He got the horses near home – he was on a wild colt and must have been thrown from it.
As he did not come home his wife became quite uneasy and sent her grand daughter Elizabeth Vail to her son in law’s, David Boice, to see if Bro. Handy was there. Bro. David Boyce took a lantern and went to look for Bro. Samuel Handy and found him laying across the road, his head to the west, dead, this was on the road to the south field; his neck was broken: he must have been laying there about four hours – it was about 15 minutes past 8 clock – dark.
A Coroner’s inquest was held over the remains of Bro Handy at night. W L Webster acting Coroner, verdict of the Coroner’s court “ that he came to his death by being thrown from his horse. “ A Coffin was sent for from Ogden and price there $55.00. The funeral was held on the 18thof January in the meeting house at Franklin. Joshua Hawks, G W Crocheron, S R Parkinson & L L Hatch, the 37 Bishop of Franklin addressed the meeting. Bro Handy’s two sons William, and James, and his daughters Mary and Eliza, his wife and a number of grand-children, besides daughters-in-law & sons-in-law were present, at the funeral the day was cold and he was followed to the grave by his wife and children and a large concourse of people – his neighbours and acquaintances.
SOURCE: : BIB: Handy, Samuel.
Autobiography, Special Collections, File MS #92, pp. 1114,
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